How to Choose the Right Mobile App Development Tech Stack or Framework?

23rd October 2021


Having an excellent product idea is only the first step toward success in today's competitive market. Product development encompasses the following elements: strategy, design, development, marketing, and distribution – and, at the heart of it all, the appropriate tech stack meaning to support and expand your idea.

While selecting the appropriate technology can help accelerate your time to market, performance, and overall maintenance, choosing the incorrect technology can result in additional development time, performance issues, frequent debugging, or a tech stack that fails to give the product you require.

Further, we will cover all of the necessary components of a technology stack for developing and supporting a website, web application, or custom mobile app development in 2021. Several technology stacks will be discovered, providing examples, and choose the appropriate technology stack to support Agile development methodologies.

How Is the Technology Stack Defined?

The term "technology stack" refers to the collection of programming languages, frameworks, tools, and sophisticated technologies developers use to create mobile and app software development.

To put it simply, website framework and mobile application development require the best front-end framework, a back-end, and a database. And together, these layers comprise a technology stack.

A Technology Stack's Structure

It is composed of three components:

Front-End: The three technologies listed below are the most frequently used for the front-end development framework:

  • Hypertext Markup Language [HTML]: This language is used to define the proper structure of the information displayed in the browser.
  • Cascading Style Sheets [CSS]: CSS styles the app's content, including fonts, colors, and layouts.
  • JavaScript: It enables the application's web page to be interactive.

Back-End: The back-end component essentially powers the front-end, allowing website users to conduct specific operations. Compared to the front-end, the back-end is responsible for server-side communication and is not visible to the end-user. Additionally, back-end languages such as Java, Python, Ruby, PHP, Coffee Script, and Erlang are supported.

Middleware: This is the layer of a technology stack that includes content management systems, web servers, and other similar tools that facilitate the development of web applications. This middleware's, written in either C# or Java, ease data management and communication operations between the front-end and back-end.

Development of iOS Applications:

  • Objective-C and Swift programming languages
  • XCode for iOS mobile development

If you choose to develop a native iOS application, you can choose between Objective-C and Swift.

For years, the former was the primary programming language, and it is still frequently used for projects of different complexity. Mobile application development teams may choose Objective-C if they support a large legacy project built in this language or if the team lacks qualified Swift engineers. Additionally, you might use Objective-C because it is a well-established and tested language; it is compatible with C++; it enables easy usage of private APIs and has an expressive code syntax.

Swift is a relatively new language, yet it has been dubbed the "future of mobile programming." If you're seeking the best technology to use when developing an iOS mobile application, we recommend Swift because it's more valuable and robust. The primary reasons for its popularity are the following:

  • Faster work and improved performance;
  • Safer and more resistant to errors;
  • Concise syntax ensures easier code reading and support;
  • Progressive and versatile language; and
  • Ample community support.

Swift-based iOS custom mobile app development is faster, which means customization is more cost-effective for business owners. We also use this language to develop our products, most notably a Purchase Controller – a react framework integrating in-app purchase capabilities into mobile applications.

Android Application Development

Java and Kotlin are two programming languages.

Android Studio is a development environment for Android applications.

Java is an established coding language utilized not only as an Android app stack but also for web development, Big Data, and other applications. It includes a variety of open-source libraries and tools that make implementation easier for software engineers and reduce time-to-market.

Although Kotlin is a younger language than Java, it has already established a robust and powerful coding language reputation. It is compatible with Java, allowing for the creation of mixed-language teams and projects. It is frequently referred to as a better alternative to Java for Android native development due to the following features:

  • Lazy initialization to avoid threads;
  • A simple and effective syntax that results in up to 35% fewer lines of code than Java;
  • Improved security and fault tolerance;
  • Large ecosystem and good support;
  • Extension function; and
  • Strong community.

If you're seeking tools and technologies necessary for developing Android apps, we recommend Kotlin, which is intrinsically cohesive, lightweight, and concise.

The Final Words!

Thus, based on the requirements of your project, you must make an informed decision on the most appropriate technology stack and, if necessary, consult an expert. The right pick will enable you to establish a dominant presence on the web and assist you in achieving your objectives.


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